Jorge Braga de Macedo

LIST OF PUBLICATIONS IN ENGLISH ORGANIZED BY TYPE
(serial number from complete list in Portuguese )

Last updated 2 September, 2001 (total of 103 entries).

BOOKS, CHAPTERS IN BOOKS (48 entries)

273. Financing Cities and Regions (with Rui Nuno Baleiras), final report of a project sponsored by the Luso-American Development Foundation (FLAD), September

259. Crises? What Crises? Escudo from ECU to EMU, chapter 11 in Short-Term Capital Flows and Economic Crises, edited by Stephany Griffith-Jones, Manuel Montes and Anwar Nasution, study prepared for UNU/WIDER, Oxford University Press, 2001, pp.253-260.

258. Macroeconomic policy and institutions in the transition towards EU membership, (com William Branson e Jurgen von Hagen), chapter 1 in Central Europe towards Monetary Union: Macroeconomic Underpinnings and Financial Reputation, edited by  Ronald MacDonald and Rod Cross, Boston: Kluwer Academic Publishers, 2001, pp. 5-30.

Numbering below not updated

177. Portugal's European Integration, in Small Economies Adjustment to Global Tendencies, edited by Zoltan Bara e Laszlo Csaba, Budapest: Aula Publishing Co. Ltd, pp.115-128, 2000, adaptation of item nº 173.

173.  Portugal's European Integration: lessons for enlargement, in Winners and Losers of EU Integration - Policy Issues for Central and Eastern Europe, edited by Helena Tang, The World Bank: Washington DC, pages 290-310, reduced version of item nº 170.

157. Converging European Transitions  in Economies in Transition and the Variety of Capitalisms: Features, Changes, Convergence edited by Mitko Dimitrov, Wladimir Andreff e Lszlo Csaba, Sofia: Gorex Press, 1999, pp.13-41, revised version appeared as item nº 175.

164. Portugal in Democracy, Decentralisation and Deficits in Latin America, edited by Kiichiro Fukasaku e Ricardo Hausmann, Paris: OECD and Inter-American Development Bank, 1998.

151. Generational Accounting in Portugal  (with Alan Auerbach, Laurence Kotlikoff, José Braz e Jan Walliser), in Alan Auerbach, Larry Kotlikoff and Lebowitz (editors), Generational Accounting in the World, University of Chicago Press, 1999. An earlier version appeared as item nº 169.

140. Introduction: Convergence and Divergence in Social Security Policies in Sustaining Social Security, New York: United Nations, (an earlier version appeared as Nova Economics Working Paper nº 275, May de 1996).

139. Reforming Social Security: Efficiency and Governance (with Diogo Lucena), in Sustaining Social Security, entry nº 140 (an earlier version appeared as Nova Economics Working Paper nº 270, January 1996).

136. Portugal and European Monetary Union: Selling Stability at Home, Earning Credibility Abroad, in Monetary Reform in Europe, edited by Francisco Torres, Lisboa: Universidade Católica 1996 (an earlier version appeared as Nova Economics Working Paper nº 259, October de 1995).

135. Currency Convertibility: The Gold Standard and Beyond, editor (with Barry Eichengreen and Jaime Reis), Londres: Routledge 1996.

134. Converging towards an European currency standard: convertibility and stability in the 1990s, in Currency Convertibility: The Gold Standard and Beyond, entry nº 135 (an earlier version appeared as Nova Economics Working Paper nº 226, September 1994 and has been translated into Portuguese, entry nº 131).

130. Convertibility and Stability 1834-1994: Portuguese Currency Experience Revisited, in Ensaios de Homenagem a Francisco Pereira de Moura, Lisbon: Instituto Superior de Economia e Gestão, 1995, pp. 421-438. (an earlier version appeared as Nova Economics Working Paper nº 239, January 1995).

121. Labour Mobility, Fiscal Solidarity and the Exchange Rate Regime: a Parable of European Union and Cohesion, in Fiscal Policy, Taxation and the Financial System in an Increasingly Integrated Europe, edited by D. E. Fair and C. Boissieu, Dordrecht: Ruswes Academic Publishers, 1992.

120. The Path of Reform in the Soviet Union (with Jean Pisani-Ferry), in Preventing a New East-West Divide: The Economic and Social Imperatives of the Future Europe, edited by A. Clesse and R. Tokes, Baden-Baden: Nomos, 1992.

116. Economic Reform in Central and Eastern Europe, The Next Steps (with Joan Pearce), in Politics, Economics and Western Policy in the Post Communist Era, edited by Dick Clark and Michael Mandelbaum, Boulder: Aspen Institute, 1991.

111. Portugal's Twenty Five EFTA Years, in EFTA Countries in a Changing Europe: 30th Anniversary Round Table, Geneva: EFTA, 1990.

107. Interest Differentials, Financial Integration and EMS Shadowing: A Note on Portugal with a Comparison to Spain (with Francisco Torres), in Portugal and the Internal Market of the EEC, edited by J. Silva Lopes and Luís Miguel Beleza, Lisboa: Banco de Portugal, 1990.

106. Implicit Taxes and Credit Ceilings: The Treasury and the Banks in Portugal (with Miguel Beleza), in Portugal and the Internal Market of the EEC, edited by J. Silva Lopes and Luís Miguel Beleza, Lisboa: Banco de Portugal, 1990 (an earlier version appeared as Nova Economics Working Paper nº 106, December 1988).

105. The Constitution and the Economy, in Portugal: The Constitution and the Consolidation of Democracy, 1976-1989, edited by K. Maxwell and S. Monje, Camões Center Special Report nº 2, Columbia University, 1990.

104. Financial Liberalization and Exchange Rate Policy in the Newly Integrating Countries of the European Community, in Prospects for the European Monetary System, edited by Piero Ferri, London: Macmillan, 1990, pp. 178-194.

103. Unity with Diversity in the European Economy. The Community´s Southern Frontier, editor (with Christopher Bliss), Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1990

102. External Liberalization under Ambiguous Public Response: The Experience of Portugal, in Unity Diversity in the European Economy. The Community´s Southern Frontier, pp. 310-354 of entry nº 103 (CEPR Discussion Paper nº 378 and Nova Economics Working Paper nº 138, January 1990).

91. Competitiveness under Liberalization cum Stabilization Packages (LCSP): The Experience of Portugal 1977-1985 (with Cristina Corado) in Nova Economia em Portugal. Estudos em Homenagem a António Manuel Pinto Barbosa, entry nº 94 (an earlier version appeared as Nova Economics Working Paper nº 107, January 1989).

90. Debt, Stabilization and Development, Essays in Memory of Carlos Diaz Alejandro, editor (with Guillermo Calvo, Ronald Findlay and Pentti Kouri), Oxford: Blackwell for WIDER, 1989.

89. Smugglers' Blues at the Central Bank: Lessons from Sudan (with William Branson), in Debt, Stabilization and Development, Essays in Memory of Carlos Diaz Alejandro, entry nº 90 (earlier versions appeared as CEPR Discussion Paper nº ??? and NBER Working Paper 2220).

84. Portugal and Europe: The Longest Transition, in Erkenntnis und Entscheidung die Weltproblematike in Wissenschaft und Praxis, Europaisches Forum Alpbach 1987, Vienna: Austrian College, 1987 (French translation is entry nº 99; an earlier version appeared as CEPR Discussion Paper nº 163).

83. Small Countries in Monetary Unions: The Choice of Senegal, in The Political Economy of Risk and Choice in Senegal, edited by Mark Gersovitz and John Waterbury, London: Frank Cass, 1987.

76. Collective Pegging to a Single Currency: The West African Monetary Union, in The Real Exchange Rate and Adjustment in Developing Countries, edited by Sebastian Edwards and Liaquat Ahamed, Chicago: The University of Chicago Press, 1986 and NBER Reprint 999 (an earlier version appeared as NBER Working Paper 1574)

75. Trade and Financial Interdependence under Flexible Exchange Rates: The Pacific Area, in Pacific Trade and Financial Interdependence, edited by Augustine Tan and Basant Kapur, Sidney: Brian and Unwin Australia, 1986; Princeton Reprint in International Finance and NBER Reprint 700 (an earlier version appeared as NBER Working Paper 1517).

71. Macroeconomic Policy Under Currency Inconvertibility, in The Economics of the Caribbean Basin, edited by Michael Connolly and John McDermott, New York: Praeger Publishers, 1985, pp 336-355.

61. Exchange Rate Volatility in an Interdependent World Economy, in Supplement to Word Economic Survey 1984, New York; United Nations, 1985 (French and Spanish translation available, entries nº 62 e 63).

59. Economic Policy in the Enlarged European Community, editor (with Paulo de Pitta e Cunha), Lisbon: Economia, 1984.

58. International Portfolio Diversification: Short-Term Financial Assets and Gold (with Jeffrey Goldstein and David Meerschwam), in Exchange Rate Theory and Practice, edited by John Bilson and Richard Marston, Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1984 and NBER Reprint 593 of April 1985 (an earlier version appeared as NBER Working Paper 960)

57. Currency Inconvertibility, Portfolio Balance and Relative Prices, in Dynamic Modelling and Control of National Economies, edited by Tamer Basar and Louis Pau, IFAC Proceedings Series, vol. 7, Oxford, 1984 and NBER Reprint 630 of August 1985 (an earlier version appeared as NBER Working Paper 1087)

56. Portugal and Europe: The Dilemmas of Integration, in Portugal in Development: Emigration, Industrialization and the European Community, edited by Thomas Bruneau, Victor da Rosa and Alex MacLeod, Ottawa: University of Ottawa Press, 1984.

51. A Portfolio Model of an Inconvertible Currency: The Recent Experience of Portugal, in International Economic Adjustment, edited by Marcello de Cecco, Oxford: Basil Blackwell, 1983.

50. Newspaper and Democracy in Portugal: The Role of Market Structure, in The Press and the Rebirth of Iberian Democracy, edited by Kenneth Maxwell, Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1983.

45. Portfolio Diversification and Currency Inconvertibility; Three Essays in International Monetary Economics, Lisboa: Serviços Gráficos da Universidade Nova de Lisboa, 1982.

44. The International Monetary System Under Flexible Exchange Rates: Global, Regional and National, editor (with Richard Cooper, Peter Kenen and Jacques Van Ypersele), Cambridge, Mass: Ballinger, 1982.

43. Portfolio Diversification Across Currencies, in The International Monetary System Under Flexible Exchange Rates: Global, Regional and National, entry nº 44.59. Economic Policy in the Enlarged European Community, editor (with Paulo de Pitta e Cunha), Lisboa: Economia, 1984.

36. Perspectives on the Stagflation of the 1970's (with Pentti Kouri), in Macroeconomic Policies for Growth: The European Perspective, edited by Herbert Giersch, Tubingen: J.C.B. Mohr, 1981.35. Portugal since the Revolution: Economic and Political Perspectives, editor (with Simon Serfaty), Boulder, Colorado: Westview Press, 1981.

35. Portugal since the Revolution: Economic and Political Perspectives, editor (with Simon Serfaty), Boulder, Colorado: Westview Press, 1981.

34. Portugal and Europe: The Channels of Structural Interdependence, chapter 4 in Portugal since the Revolution: Economic and Political Perspectives, entry nº 35.

25. Portuguese Currency Experience: An Historical Perspective, in Estudos em Homenagem a J. J. Teixeira Ribeiro, vol. IV, Coimbra: Boletim da Faculdade de Direito, 1980.

23. The Short-Run Macroeconomics of Floating Exchange Rates: An Exposition (with James Tobin), in Flexible Exchange Rates and the Balance of Payments: Essays in Memory of Egon Sohmen, North-Holland, 1980 (Portuguese translation available, entry nº 24).

21. Portugal and Africa since the Revolution, in Hearing Before the Subcommittee on Africa of the Committee on Foreign Affairs, House of Representatives, 96th Congress, 1st session, U.S. Interests in Africa, Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1980 (Portuguese translation available, entry nº 22).

JOURNAL ARTICLES (16 entries)

175. Converging European Transitions, OECD Development Centre Technical Paper nº 159, July 2000, in The World Economy, vol 23 no. 10, November 2000, pp.1335-1365,  revised version of item 157.

127. European Union and Cohesion, in Europaische Antagonismen, Zurich: Swiss Institute of International Affairs, 1994, pp. 33-57 (an earlier version appeared as Nova Economics Working Paper nº 217, March 1994).

88. Public Debt and Implicit Taxes: The Experience of Portugal (with Manuel Sebastião), European Economic Review, 1989 (an earlier version appeared as Nova Economics Working Paper nº 97, November 1988).

87. Perspectives on Financial Liberalization in the Newly Integrating Countries of the European Community, European Economy, May 1988 (French translation available, entry nº 85).

82. Currency Inconvertibility, Trade Taxes and Smuggling, Journal of Development Economics, vol 27 special issue reprinted as International Trade Investment, Macro Policies and History, edited by Pranab Bardhan, Jere Behrman and Albert Fishlow, Amsterdam, 1987 (earlier versions appeared as NBER Working Paper 2177 and CEPR Discussion Paper nº???).

74. Small Countries in Monetary Unions: A Two-Tier Model, Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, 1986; a longer version appeared in Mondes en Developpement nº 56 (an earlier version appeared as NBER Working Paper nº 1634).

69. A Vintage Model of Supply Applied to French Manufacturing (with Pentti Kouri and Albert Viscio), Economia, IX (1), January 1985 and NBER Reprint 657 (an earlier version appeared as NBER Working Paper 1639).

55. Portugal, Spain and the World Economy: Challenge and Response? (with Manuel Sebastião), Assuntos Europeus, (3), October 1984

49. Optimal Currency Diversification for a Class of Risk-Averse International Investors, Journal of Economics Dynamics and Control , (5), February 1983 and NBER Reprint 408 (an earlier version appeared as NBER Working Paper 959).

42. Profitability, Employment and Structural Adjustment in France (with Pentti Kouri and Albert Viscio), Annales de L'INSEE, nºs 47-48, December 1982, reproduced in The French Economy: Theory and Policy, edited by Jacques Melitz and Charles Wyplosz, Boulder: Westview Press, 1985 and NBER Reprint 436 1983 (an earlier version appeared as NBER Working Paper 1005; French translation available, entry nº 37).

41. Currency Diversification and Export Competitiveness: A Model of the "Dutch Disease" in Egypt, Journal of Development Economics, 11, 1982 and NBER Reprint 378 (an earlier version appeared as NBER Working Paper nº 776)

40. The Optimal Weighting of Indicators for a Crawling Peg (with William Branson), Journal of International Money and Finance, 1982 and NBER Reprint 365 (an earlier version appeared as NBER Working Paper nº 527).

39. Exchange Rate Behaviour Under Currency Inconvertibility, Journal of International Economics, February 1982 (an earlier version appeared as NBER Working Paper No. 1571).

18. The Economic Consequences of the April 25th Revolution (with Paul Krugman), Economia, III (3), October 1979; reproduced as chapter 2 of Portugal since the Revolution: Economic and Political Perspectives, entry nº 35.

14. Exchange Rates and the International Adjustment Process (with Pentti Kouri), Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, September 1978.

8. Emigration and Remittances in Neoclassical Steady-State, Economia, I (1), January 1977.

COMMENTS, BOOK REVIEWS, WORKING PAPERS AND UNPUBLISHED MANUSCRIPTS (39 entries)

184. Convergence, democracy and cohesion: Is there a European identity in development?, OECD Development Centre, October 2000.

183. The anti-corruption agenda of the OECD Development Centre, OECD Development Centre, September 2000.

182. Risk Management and Financial Globalisation (with José Braz), OECD Development Centre, September 2000.

181. The European Payments Union and its Implications for the Evolution of the International Financial Architecture (with Barry Eichengreen), OECD Development Centre, September 2000.

180. The Euro in international financial architecture, OECD Development Centre, September 2000.

179. National development and economic transition under international governance: the case of East Timor (with José Braz and Rui Sousa Monteiro),  OECD Development Centre, August 2000.

178. Financial Crises and International Architecture: a Eurocentric perspective, OECD Development Centre Technical Paper nº 162, August 2000 (adaptation of item nº 172).

173. War, taxes and gold: the inheritance of the real (with Álvaro Ferreira da Silva e Rita Martins de Sousa),  ISEG Working Paper  WP 8/2000/DE, to appear in Transferring Wealth and Power from the Old to the New World, edited by Michael Bordo and Roberto Cortes-Conde, revised version of item nº 154.

172. Financial Crises: a Eurocentric perception, forthcoming in What financial system for the year 2000?, Lisboa: ISEG, enlarged version of item nº 158.

170. Portugal's European Integration: the limits of external pressure, Nova Economics Working Paper  nº 369, Dezembro 1999.

163. Macroeconomic policy and institutions in the transition towards EU membership, (with William Branson and Jurgen von Hagen), NBER Working Paper nº 6555, Julho de  1998 (to appear in WIIW 25th anniversary conference volume). An earlier version appeared as item nº 154.

167. Perceptions of Financial Crises  August 1998, revised version of item nº 158.

160. Moving the escudo into the euro (with Luís Catela Nunes e Francisco Covas), Nova Economics Working Paper nº 346, February 1999, to appear in WIIW 25th anniversary conference volume.

159. Comment to part VII Financial Markets, in Global Financial Turmoil and Reform A United Nations Perspective, edited by Barry Herman, Tokyo: The United Nations University Press, 1999, pp. 438-447.

154. War, taxes and gold: the inheritance of the real (with Álvaro Ferreira da Silva e Rita Martins de Sousa),  Nova Economics Working Paper nº 318, March 1998, revised as item nº 173.

153. Crises? What Crises? Escudo from ECU to EMU, Nova Economics Working Paper nº 313, December 1997, abridged version published as item nº 164.

152. Macroeconomic policy and institutions in the transition towards EU membership, (with William Branson and Jurgen von Hagen),  Nova Economics Working Paper nº 295, April 1997, revised as item nº 163.

151. Future net taxes in Portugal: a generational accounting (GA) perspective (with Alan Auerbach, Laurence Kotlikoff, José Braz and Jan Walliser),  Nova Economics Working Paper nº 293, April  1997, published as item nº 169.

148. Comment to Jean Claude Bertelemy and Aristomene Valousdakis, Promoting Savings in Latin America, edited by Ricardo Hausmann and Helmut Reisen, Paris: OECD and Inter-American Development Bank, 1997.

146. A European Monetary Union of Nations, Regions and Cities, presented at a conference in Palermo, July 1996.

145. Multiple allegiances as fate: The Portuguese idea of Europe, presented at a conference sponsored by the Luso-American Foundation and Brown University, Lisbon, 11 November 1995

128. Macroeconomic Policy in Central Europe (with William Branson) CEPR Discussion Paper nº 1194 and Nova Economics Working Paper nº 247, March 1995).

118. Comment to Guillermo Calvo and Jacob Frenkel, The Transformation of Centrally Planned Economies; "Enduring Reform in Eastern Europe", in Central and Eastern Europe: Roads to Growth, edited by George Winckler, International Monetary Fund and Austrian National Bank, 1991.

109. Comment to António Borges, "Portuguese Banking in the Single European Market", in European Banking in the 1990s, edited by Jean Dermine, Oxford: Basil Blackwell, 1990.

100. Comment to Franco Bruni, Alessandro Penati and Angelo Porta, "Implicit Taxes and Fiscal Adjustment in Italy", in Fiscal Policy Economic Adjustment and Financial Markets, edited by Mario Monti, IMF, 1989.

96. Comment to Andrew Powell and Christopher Gilbert, "The Use of Commodity Contracts for the Management of Developing Country Commodity Risks" in Macroeconomic Interactions Between North and South, edited by David Currie and David Vines, Cambridge University Press, 1989.

95. The Timing and Sequencing of Trade Liberalization Policies: Portugal 1948-86 (with Cristina Corado and Manuel Porto) Nova Economics Working Paper nº 114, March 1989.

86. Comment to Ronald McKinnon, "Financial Liberalization and Economic Development: Interest Rate Policies in LDCs", in The State of Development Economics, edited by Gustav Ranis and T. Paul Schultz, Oxford: Basil Blackwell, 1988.

77. "Locomotive" and Other Channels of Transmission Under Flexible Exchange Rates (with David Meerschwam), CEPR Discussion Paper nº ???, 1987 (an earlier version appeared as NBER Working Paper 1573, April 1985 under the title "Exchange Rate Flexibility and the Transmission of Business Cycles")

64. Comment to Gilles Oudiz and Jeffrey Sachs, "International Policy Cordination in Dynamic Macroeconomic Models", in International Cordination of Economic Policy, edited by Willem Buiter and Richard Marston, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1985.

60. Comment to Jacques Mairesse and Brigitte Dormont, "Labour and Investment Demand at the Firm Level: A Comparison of French, German and U.S. Manufacturing", ISOM, European Economic Review, May-June, 1985.

52. Policy Interdependence Under Flexible Exchange Rates, Woodrow Wilson School Discussion Paper in Economics, October de 1983.

46. Comment to René Stulz, "The Determinants of Net Foreign Investment", Journal of Finance, vol. 38, May 1983.

30. Comment to Rudiger Dornbush, "Portugal's Crawling Peg", in Exchange Rate Rules: The Theory, Performance and Prospects of the Crawling Peg, edited by John Williamson, Londres: MacMillan, 1981.

29. The Elusive Field of International Political Economics, Comment to Suzanne Paine, "International Investment, Migration and Finance", Economia, January 1981.

28. Book Review of "The Economic Transformation of Spain and Portugal" by Eric Baklanoff, Journal of Comparative Economics, December 1981.

27. Book Review of "Portugal: Revolutionary Change in an Open Economy" by Rodney Morrison, The World Economy, 4, December 1981.

20. Book Review of "The International Money Market" by Richard Levich, Journal of International Economics, November 1980.

19. Comment to Maxwell Fry, "Money, Interest and Growth", in Fundação Calouste Gulbenkian and German Marshall Fund